At St. Stephen’s Infant School we encourage children to discover and learn about the world around them. Geography provides children with a developing understanding of our world. Children are better prepared to understand topics impacting our planet such as climate change and global warming, plus celebrating global diversity. From studying the local area of Kingswood, to learning about the wider Bristol community and places around our World, we encourage children to be curious and engage in research using a variety of different resources, comparing the lives of people who live there, as well as examining different natural habitats.
Children will develop their observational skills, ask questions through curiosity about the world and others around them. We aim for children to be aware of environmental issues and sustainability to prepare them for the future.
“Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.”
Listening to stories, going on journeys around school and talking about the features of their own immediate environment children compare how familiar environments might vary from one another. Using the school allotment and playground environment, children make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes. Children go to a farm in the summer term.
Pupils develop knowledge about Kingswood, Bristol, the United Kingdom and the world. They understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.
Pupils should be taught to:
- name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
- name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas
- understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country
Human and physical geography
- identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
- use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
- key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
- key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop
Geographical skills and fieldwork
- use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
- use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language (e.g. near and far; left and right) to describe the location of features and routes on a map
- use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
- use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.