St Stephen's Infant School

Striving, Supporting, Inspiring, Succeeding

Lansdown Road, Bristol, Avon, BS15 1XD

01454 866470

School Day: 8.45am-3.10pm– all year groups


Big Picture - Talk like a Scientist

We are all Scientists! Scientists have curious minds and ask questions about the world around them and the way things work. Science is about explaining the ‘why’ and the ‘how’ of both natural and man made phenomena. Scientists observe, compare, explore, investigate, problem solve and test things out to find answers to their scientific questions. They use a range of equipment and technology to conduct their investigations, ensuring they use them safely and accurately. Scientists present or explain their findings to others so we can all learn more about the world around us.


At St. Stephen’s Infant School, we encourage children to think independently to explore, question and discover the ever changing world around them and become scientists. We create a wide range of practical, hands on, stimulating and challenging experiences to ignite pupil’s curiosity and thirst for knowledge and to develop, secure and extend their scientific knowledge, skills and vocabulary. We encourage children to raise and answer scientific questions as they move forward in their scientific journey.


By the time children leave our school they will have learnt knowledge in the areas of Everyday Materials, Seasonal changes, Plants, Habitats, Animals and humans and learnt the skills of how to work scientifically, including:

  • Observing changes
  • Noticing patterns
  • Identifying, Grouping and classifying
  • Creating simple and comparative experiments
  • Carrying out research using secondary sources of information
  • Asking questions
  • Gather and record data to help answer questions




Term 1

Term 2

Term 3

Term 4

(science week)

Term 5



Signs of Autumn

Signs of Winter

Changes to water/ice

Signs of Spring – Growth and new life –

Animals and environments

Signs of Summer

The World : Developing an understanding of growth, decay and changes over time. Talk about why things happen and how things work. Comment and ask questions about aspects of their familiar world. Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change. ELG: Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.



(WS) = working scientifically



Term 1

Term 2

Term 3

Term 4 (science week)

Term 5

Term 6

Year 1

Seasonal changes (Autumn)


Changes in materials

*Trip to Westonbirt

Seasonal changes

Melting Investigation (WS)

Seasonal changes (Winter)

Materials – paper planes (WS)

*Visit from hot air balloon

Seasonal changes


*Trip to Bristol zoo

Materials – Investigate the best material for a shield (WS)

Seasonal changes (Summer)

Forces – Making a pulley for a light house


Year 2


*Visit from Warburtons

Materials and Space

-       Investigating a capsule for an egg


Crater investigations and ice melting

Investigations in Science week

Living things and Plants


*trip to Puzzlewood

Living things and Animals and humans


Topics are often chosen around the Science and teachers include ‘Wow’ moment to start a unit of work and get the children hooked. Children present their understanding and learning in a  variety of ways – from conversations beginning in EYFS, in topic books, home learning, mind maps, posters and presentations in Year 2. Science is assessed throughout the year by the class teachers and at the end of each year this information is passed up with the child. The end of EYFS and Year 2 data is shared with parents as well as the LEA.

Below are progression of skills documents which show what Science as a subject would look like at St. Stephen's Infant School.

Science at St. Stephen's Infant School